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2019年10月16日 星期三
当前位置:甘孜门户网>>旅游资讯

甘孜 美丽生态 和谐幸福

甘孜门户网      http://gz.cdmhw.com/    发布时间:2013年6月6日   来源:中国网

    甘孜州地处川、滇、藏、青四省(区)六地交界处,是全国成立的第一个专区级民族自治州,是我国第二大藏区的重要组成部分。全州幅员面积15.3万平方公里,辖18个县,有藏、汉、回、彝等40多个民族,人口112万。

  Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture is located at the junction of six places in Sichuan,Yunnan,Tibet and Qinghai provinces,is the country'sfirst Prefec-ture-level Ethnic Autonomous Prefecture since the establishment of the People’s Re-public of China, and is an important part of China's second largest Tibetan area. The Prefecture covers153,000 square kilome-ters, governs18 counties, more than 40 nationalities including the Tibetan, Han, Hui, Yi, etc. with a population of 1.09 million.

  ★甘孜州把加快发展摆在更加突出的位置,突出生态立州、产业强州、科教兴州、依法治州、和善安州,实行优先发展旅游业,有序发展生态能源业和优势矿产业,加快发展高原特色现代农牧业、特色民族文化产业和特色中藏药业的“一优先、二有序、三加快”的产业发展路子,使全州5年内在经济总量、固定资产投资、地方公共财政收入、城乡居民收入上实现“四个”翻番,在思想观念、基础设施、经济实力、人民生活、社会建设上实现“五个跨越”,全力推进美丽生态甘孜、和谐幸福甘孜建设。

  ★Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture placesaccelerated develop-ment in a more prominent position, relying on ecology industries, science and education to build a strong pretecture and ,law andkindness to govern the prefecture; give priority to the development of tourism, and orderly develop the ecological energy industry and advantageous mining in-dustry; accelerate the development of modern agriculture and animal hus-bandrywith plateau characteristics, special national culture industry and characteristic Tibetan medicine industry, i.e., the industrial development path of “one priority, two orderly, three accelerations”, achieve the “four ” doubles – to double the total economic output, investment in fixed assets, local public finance income and the incomes of urban and ru-ral residents in five years, achieve the “five breakthroughs”in ideas, in-frastructure, economic strength and people's living standards and social construction, and push construction of the beautiful and ecological Ganzi, and harmonious and happy Ganzi.

  文化资源底蕴深厚

  Profoundculturalresources

  悠久历史孕育丰富文化资源。德格印经院收藏有藏族文化典籍印版27.5万余块,文献总字数达3亿之巨,素有“藏族文化宝库”之誉;宗教文化十分丰富,全州格鲁、萨迦、宁玛、噶举、苯波五大教派齐兴并举;藏医药名医辈出,疗效确切,源远流长;可与丝绸之路媲美的“茶马互市”古道横贯全境;享有“宇宙歌曲”之誉的《康定情歌》和“东方伊利亚特”之称的《岭·格萨尔王史诗》构成了康巴文化最亮丽、最耀眼的闪光点。

  The long history has given birth torich cultural resources. Dege Sutra Printing House has collected over 275,000 Tibetan printing blocks with a to-tal of 300 million words , which are known as“treasure of Tibetan cul-ture”; there is very rich religiou cul-ture such as the co-existence of Gel-ug, Sakya, Nyingma, Kagyu and Bon sects of religion; there are a lot of famous Tibetan doctors who have the treatment efficacy and a long history; the “tea-horse trade” which can be comparable to the Silk Road crosses the whole territory of Ganzi; The" Love Song of Kangding," enjoying the reputation of “the song of universe”and “Epic of King Ling Gesar”, called“Iliad of the East”, constitute the most beautiful and dazzling spots of Kangba culture.

  生态地位日益重要

  Increasinglyimportantecologicalrole

  甘孜在维系长江流域乃至全国生态平衡中发挥着十分重要的作用,长江的重要干流金沙江及其支流雅砻江、大渡河纵贯全境,流域面积14.61万平方公里,占长江流域面积的8.5%;天然草场面积1.3亿亩,是全国五大牧区之一的川西北牧区的重要组成部分;森林面积7655万亩,占四川省的20%。

  Ganzi plays a very important role in maintaining the Yangtze River Valley and even the national ecological balance. The key parts of Yangtze River - Jinsha River and its tributaries Yalong and Dadurun through the whole area, and the drainage area is 146,100 square kilometers , accounting for 8.5% of the area of Yangtze River valley; the natural grassland area is 130 million mu8.7hectares, and is an important part of the pastoral areas as one of the five major pastoral areas in Northwest Sichuan; the forest area is 76.55 million mu(5.1 hectares), accounting for 20% of Sichuan's total.

  基础条件日趋完善

  CompletingInfrastructure

  康定机场建成通航、亚丁机场即将通航、甘孜机场规划建设,三大机场构建甘孜航空大通道;国道317、318线改造和雅康高速、雅康铁路为主的交通建设攻坚,将形成甘孜的“四纵四横多联三枢纽”陆地大动脉,高原特色城镇建设与骨干电网的全面建设正助推甘孜成为成都平原经济圈向西拓展的接力区和产业增长区。

  Kangding airport has been put into service; Yading airport is going to be put into service; Ganzi airport is planned for construction; three major airports will form Ganzi Aviation channel;the improvement of national highways No. 317 and 318 , construc-tion of Yakang expressway and Yakang railway, will form the land aorta of Ganzi –“four vertical, four horizon-tal, multiple joints, three hubs”; the overall construction of urban construc-tion with plateau characteristics and the backbone grid will help Ganzibe-come the relay area and industrial growth area in the westward expansion of Chengdu Plain economic circle.

  自然资源得天独厚

  Richnaturalresources

  ——旅游资源。以稻城亚丁为核心的“香格里拉之魂”、贡嘎山为主的“香格里拉之巅”、中国最美村落为重点的“嘉绒文化”、德格印经院为中心的“藏文化中心”、泸定铁索桥为标志的“红色旅游”五大旅游带,共同构成了中国西部自然生态和康巴文化旅游终极目的地。

  - Tourism resources. The five tourist belts - the “Soul of Shangri-La”with Yading in Daochengas the core, “Top of Shangri-La”with Gongga Mountain as the main site, “Jiarong Culture”with the most beautiful villages in China as the focus, “Tibetan Cultural Center” with Dege Sutra Printing House as the center, constitute the best destinations for natural ecosystem in western China and Kangba cultural tourism.

  ——能源资源。水能、太阳能、风能、地热能等清洁能源开发潜力巨大。水能资源理论蕴藏量超过5000万千瓦,技术可开发量达4130万千瓦;太阳能资源理论可利用量约5600万千瓦,经济可开发量约1120万千瓦;风能资源可开发量约1000万千瓦左右;地表出露的热泉249处。

  - Energy resources. There ishuge development potential ofhy-dropower, solar energy, wind energy, geothermal and other clean sources of energy. The water resources reserves aremore than 50 million kilowatts with the technically developed capacity of 41.3 million kilowatts; the theoreti-cally available capacities of solar energy resources are about 56 million kilo-watts with economic development capacity of about 11.2 million kilowatts; the development capacity of wind energy resources is about 10 million kilowatts; there are 249 outcropped hot springs.

  ——矿产资源。有色金属和贵金属品种多、储量大。已初步探明超大型和大型矿床30余处,中型矿床40余处,小型矿床近百处,金、银等十余种金属储量居全省第一,锂辉石矿储量居亚洲第一。

  - Mineral resources. There are a wide variety and large reserve of non-ferrous metals and precious metals. It has been preliminary proven that there are more than 30 super large and large deposits and more than 40 medi-um-sized deposits; there are nearly one hundred small deposits. Thereserves ofmore than 10 kinds of metal such as gold and silver rank first in Sichuan and the spodumene ore reserve ranks first in Asia.

  ——生物资源。甘孜州是世界上自然生态最完整、气候垂直带谱与动植物资源垂直分布最多的地区之一,也是我国重要的天然物种基因库。境内有大熊猫、金丝猴等30多种珍稀动物,有麝香、鹿茸、熊胆、虫草、贝母等上乘动植物药材,还有松茸、白菌、花椒、核桃、雪山大豆等特色绿色农副土特产品。

  - Biological resources. Ganziis one of the areas with the most com-pleted natural ecosystem anddistribution of the most climate vertical belts andthe most vertical distribution of animal and plant resources in the world, and is also the important natural species gene pool. In this area, there are 30 kinds of rare animals such as the giant panda, golden monkey, etc, the su-perior animal and plant herbs such as the musk, deer horn, bear bile, Chi-nese caterpillar fungus, Fritillaria, etc, and the characteristic green agricul-tural and sideline specialty products such as the mushroom, fresh mushroom, pepper, walnuts and snow-capped mountain soybean, etc.

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